The four pillars of the educational system are: Learning -to know, to do, to be and to live together.
Do you agree with these four pillars ? Like Charles Lamb, I love to lose myself in other men’s minds . So, before I share my views, I would like to recall the thoughts of some of the greatest thinkers of the world. They stress on the goal, purpose and different aspects of education. We can imbibe relevant ones to reinforce our insights on education.
In ancient India, the goal of education was directed to the “Pursuit of Truth” that is God. Swami Vivekananda said specifically that it is, character formation, increasing the strength of mind, and the expansion of the intellect.
Mahatma Gandhi regarded character building as the task of education. “All round drawing out of the best in child and man body mind and spirit”. Dr APJ Abdul Kalam writes, “The most important part of education is to inculcate in students the spirit “WE CAN DO IT”.
Confucius identified it as “Wellbeing of the family” while Aristotle said, “The purpose of education is the cultivation of Magnanimity”. Froebel thought, “Education is the process by which a child makes its internal external”. Maria Montessori said, “Early childhood education is the key to the betterment of the society”.
John Dewey opined, “Education is the development of all those capacities in the individual. Thomas Arnold desired it as “Humbleness of mind”. Einstein points out “Strong striving for morality”.
Herbert Spencer requests to educate one to be a man, a woman. Rousseau said, “Education should prepare the way for reason by proper exercise of the senses”. Pestalozzi clarified, “Education is the natural harmonious and progressive development”.
John Milton wanted a complete and generous education to perform justly, skillfully, magnanimously. In Abraham Lincoln’s letter to the Headmaster he tells how his son should be treated, guided and taught. We can add many more……….
Although they vary in their views on education most of them agree on betterment of the society, character formation and development of good qualities. One element most commonly emphasized is not just acquiring knowledge but how one relates to people and to the society.
I have realized that education is not a capsule, an injection or filling a pail. It is not just accumulation of information, as many presume. It is the progressive adaptation of each one to a life in harmony. Our priority in education should be to teach our students on happy, peaceful co- existence. We teachers and parents have a major role in assisting the child in this harmonious multifaceted adaptation.
The most crucial service sector is education. Principals, Teachers and Parents have a great mission to ignite the minds of the young. We are bound by our profession to make them aware of the possibilities in the world around them. We should be able to reach out to the students to enrich themselves with knowledge. Above all let us develop in them empathy with warmth and affection to their fellow beings .
It is good and relevant to consider what should be our views on education in the present scenario. Is the recent educational policy of the government in accordance with the points mentioned above? Will it be possible for all of us in collaboration with the government to define, prioritize and implement the purpose of education? My last question is…..
Shouldn’t the education we impart foster the essential leap from ” I know” … to… “I care” ?